Private Space Activity and World Politics: Trends, Strategies and Challenges
The commercial space activity has developed since 1960s. However, during the decades the national space programs, both civil and military, were the main drivers for new space technologies from launch vehicles to satellites and ground infrastructure.
The United States was the first country that has created an environment where the private companies and investors are able to develop new space technologies and services by themselves, without sharing risks and losses with the taxpayers. Started in late 1980s, those efforts of the U.S. administrations brought first significant results by the end of 2000s, and the American private space companies have become major players both in domestic and global markets since 2010s.
Then, the governments of other space powers together with investors, businessmen and engineers who try to become businessmen were involved into this “private space rush”. However the approaches, or strategies, towards the developing private space activity are different and depend on economic and political realities in different countries as well as on their space policies.
The phenomenon of the private space activity (a.k.a. the NewSpace) influences on the global space market, on the international space cooperation, and on the world politics at all. How? Read in the paper: